The fact that their claims originated in a press briefing can be put beyond any doubt – unless the Mail plagiarised the Express, at least – given the identical material the two articles quote:
Express: “Employment minister Mark Hoban said: “The old system condemned far too many people to a life on sickness benefits with little help to move back to work. Now people who can work will be given the long term help they need to find a job, while those who need unconditional support will get it.” Incapacity Benefit has been replaced by Employment and Support Allowance as part of an overhaul of the welfare state spearheaded by Work and Pensions Secretary Iain Duncan Smith”.
Mail: “Mark Hoban, Minister for Employment, said they will now get long term help from Jobcentre Plus and the Work Programme to find work. He said: ‘The old system condemned far too many people to a life on sickness benefits with little help to move back to work. ‘This is a huge waste, but now people who can work will be given the long term help they need to find a job which is right for them, while those who need unconditional support will get it.’ Incapacity Benefit has been replaced by Employment and Support Allowance as part of an overhaul of the welfare state spearheaded by Work and Pensions Secretary Iain Duncan Smith”.
Mail: “Under the old system people were allowed to claim incapacity for a variety of ailments such as acne or obesity.”
Express: “Under the old regime layabouts could avoid work by claiming spurious medical conditions, like acne, because there were no regular checks”.
Bizarrely, the Mail concluded by quoting a TUC official , who bemoaned the government peddling junk statistics, as will prove highly pertinent.
The statistical release itself, though not linked to or cited accurately by either paper, was a Quarterly Bulletin published on 30th April 2013. In contrast to the sweeping claims published by the Mail/Express, it cautioned readers immediately, that:
“Figures in this issue cannot reflect the final outcomes, because they do not include: effect of appeals still lodged in the legal system; and claims with no outcome yet recorded. For these reasons it is likely that the statistics underestimate the proportion of claimants who will ultimately be awarded the benefit by greater amounts for more recent periods. Allowing for these factors, overall statistics show a similar picture to that given in the last issues of 22nd and 29th January 2013 – please see the results section.”
However, it stratified ESA claims/outcomes into two distinct groups: new claims, and reassessments. The proportion of successful claims differs markedly between these two sets of people; as does the overall rate of assessment.
New claims: only 48% had actually received an assessment and outcome. Of these
- 52 per cent of claimants were entitled to the benefit. Within this –
- 23 per cent of claimants were placed in the Work Related Activity Group (WRAG), and
- 29 per cent of claimants were placed in the Support Group (SG); and
- 48 per cent of claimants were assessed as Fit for Work (FFW) and are no longer eligible for Employment and Support Allowance.
This is prior to any appeal; and constitutes fewer than half of new benefit claimants.
Reassessments of long-standing claims were more conclusive:
- 93 per cent of claimants have an outcome i.e. decisions have been made on their claims;
- 3 per cent of claimants had their claim closed before having an outcome; and
- 4 per cent of claimants were still undergoing assessment.
So, clearly the sweeping nature of the Mail/Express/government ministers is woefully inadequate to convey the highly complex reality of assessment outcomes. How about the derogatory rhetoric of people being ‘workshy’?
According to the Mail:
“This map of Britain reveals the ‘workshy’ spots around the country where people claiming incapacity benefit claimants are actually fit enough to work. The Government introduced tough new health tests for those who claimed to be too unwell to get back into employment two years ago. Since then some 203,000, 30 per cent, out of 700,000 receiving the old Incapacity Benefit were declared fit to find work”.
This stat in its own right is highly noteworthy: if the vast majority – 70% – of people assessed are being found totally or partially incapable of working, then the benefit itself is hardly beset with fraudulent claims. But let’s look at the actual local authority cases cited by the Mail, in order to see how it – and the people who briefed the two papers – are misinforming people.
The highest rates of supposedly workshy people are listed by the Mail as follows:
- Birmingham 5,180
- Glasgow City 3,950
- Liverpool 3,280
- Manchester 3,030
- County Durham 2,970
- Leeds 2,570
- Bradford 2,430
- Sheffield 2,180
The DWP source for this data was Table 11: “Incapacity Benefits Reassessments – Outcomes of Work Capability Assessments adjusted to account for the outcome of appeal by month of referral, Regions and Local Authorities” in the tables section of the April 2013 Quarterly Bulletin release.
The statistics presented as the numbers of ‘work-shy’ people per city were drawn from the column E: ‘Fit for Work’: so, evidently, not ‘workshy’ – merely people who had been declared capable of work, following their Atos assessments. Let’s put this data in proper context of declared outcomes:
- Birmingham (ESA) 9,460 (FFW) 5,180 (Total) 14640
- Glasgow City (ESA) 11,780 (FFW) 3,950 (Total) 15730
- Liverpool (ESA) 7,570 (FFW) 3,280 (Total) 10850
- Manchester (ESA) 6,940 (FFW) 3,030 (Total) 9970
- County Durham (ESA) 6,100 (FFW) 2,970 (Total) 9070
- Leeds (ESA) 6,280 (FFW) 2,570 (Total) 8850
- Bradford (ESA) 3,900 (FFW) 2,430 (Total) 6330
- Sheffield (ESA) 5,140 (FFW) 2,180 (Total) 7320
Are these out of the ordinary for Britain? Overall declared outcomes in Britain are as follows:
- Employment Support Allowance: 496,840
- Fit-for-work: 203,330
- Total: 700,170
As mean average, 71% of outcomes were ESA; 29% were Fit-for-work. Per city, the proportions of these two outcomes is as follows:
- Birmingham: (ESA) 64% (FFW) 36%
- Glasgow City: (ESA) 74% (FFW) 26%
- Liverpool: (ESA) 70% (FFW) 30%
- Manchester: (ESA) 70% (FFW) 30%
- County Durham: (ESA) 67% (FFW) 33%
- Leeds: (ESA) 71% (FFW) 29%
- Bradford: (ESA) 61% (FFW) 39%
- Sheffield: (ESA) 70% (FFW) 30%
So, even though these cities have the highest number of people declared fit for work, the actual ratios are overwhelmingly consistent with the national mean-average. Even without considering the complexities of work capability assessments, it is evident that these are certainly not areas over-populated by ‘the workshy’ – that is, people who have been subject to the highly problematic work capability assessments, and declared capable of working.
Finally, how about the rhetorical claims that the number of people claiming ESA has declined after the government introduced “tough new assessments to weed out the workshy”? According to the DWP Bulletin itself, since 2010, the percentage of people entitled to ESA has increased from 44% to 52%; while the rate of people found ‘fit for work’ has decreased from 56% to 48% (p. 8). Perhaps more to the point, approximately 30% of appeals against initial decisions are overturned (p. 10). Leaving aside the rights and wrongs of declaring so many people healthy, when previously they had been found incapacitated, it is clear that even taking the government’s claims at face value proves that their insinuations are completely hollow. In fact, the DWP was far more cautious than the press briefing/articles suggested it had been:
“there is no clear trend in entitlement for the majority of the series, however recent quarters show an increase in those entitled to ESA and corresponding decrease in those found fit to work. There is more of a pattern in placement into groups after the bedding down of the benefit, with distinct growth in the SG and decline in the WRAG from March 2011, and this – might be again due to changes made to the WCA based on reviews outlined above. These statements should not be interpreted to mean that the above are more than likely factors on the series – there may be others at work as well”.
It’s also vital to put all of this in proper context: at least 30% of appeals are successful – but there is still no penalty applied to Atos, for carrying out the assessments and getting such a huge proportion wrong. The people subject to these assessments are sick, or severely disabled. Thousands of people have died after being declared fit and healthy. It is highly likely that people in these same circumstances are among those being dismissed as ‘work-shy’. In light of this, the actions of the government, Mail, and Express are distinctly odious.